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   Chapter 11 No.11

The 2010 CIA World Factbook By United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Characters: 39553

Updated: 2017-12-06 00:02


Indian Ocean Commission (InOC)

established - 21 December 1982 aim - to organize and promote regional cooperation in all sectors, especially economic members - (5) Comoros, France (for Reunion and Mayotte), Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles

industrial countries

another term for the developed countries; see developed countries (DCs)

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)

note - also known as Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) established - 8 April 1959; effective - 30 December 1959 aim - to promote economic and social development in Latin America members - (48) Argentina, Austria, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela

Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

note - formerly known as Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) established - 15-16 January 1986 as the Inter- Governmental Authority on Drought and Development; revitalized - 21 March 1996 as the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development aim - to promote a social, economic, and scientific community among its members members - (6) Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda; note - Eritrea declared its suspension in 2007

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

established - 1889 aim - fosters contacts among parliamentarians,

considers and expresses views of international interest and concern

with the purpose of bringing about action by parliaments and

parliamentarians, contributes to the defense and promotion of human

rights, contributes to better knowledge of representative institutions

members - (154 and the Palestine Liberation Organization) Afghanistan,

Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia,

Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin,

Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina

Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China,

Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the

Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El

Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia,

Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary,

Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan,

Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait,

Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia,

Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco,

Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands,

NZ, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua

New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar,

Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe,

Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore,

Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,

Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-

Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, Uruguay,

Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine Liberation

Organization associate members - (9) Andean Parliament, Central

American Parliament, East African Legislative Assembly, European

Parliament, Inter-Parliamentary Committee of the West African Economic

and Monetary Union, Latin American Parliament, Parliament of the

Economic Community of West African States, Parliamentary Assembly of

the Council of Europe, Transitional Arab Parliament

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

established - 26 October 1956; effective - 29 July 1957 aim - to

promote peaceful uses of atomic energy members - (150) Afghanistan,

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria,

Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin,

Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina

Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad,

Chile, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of

the Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,

Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany,

Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland,

India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,

Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia,

Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg,

Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands,

Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro,

Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,

Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,

Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia,

Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia,

Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland,

Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,

Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen,

Zambia, Zimbabwe; note - membership pending for Cambodia, Cape Verde,

Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, and Togo until the necessary legal

instruments are deposited with the IAEA

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

note - also known as the World Bank established - 22 July 1944; effective - 27 December 1945 aim - to provide economic development loans; a UN specialized agency members - (187) includes all UN member countries except Andorra, Cuba, North Korea, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Nauru; plus Kosovo

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

established - 1919 aim - to promote free trade and private enterprise

and to represent business interests at national and international

levels members - (89 national committees) Algeria, Argentina,

Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil,

Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Caribbean, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa

Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican

Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia,

Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India,

Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, South Korea,

Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico,

Monaco, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan,

Panama, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi

Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa,

Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo,

Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay; note - Peru is

restructuring

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

established - 7 December 1944; effective - 4 April 1947 aim - to promote international cooperation in civil aviation; a UN specialized agency members - (190) includes all UN member countries except Dominica, Liechtenstein, and Tuvalu (189 total); plus Cook Islands

International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)

established 17 December 1999 to promote respect for human rights; members included Argentina, Benin, Canada, France, India, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Tunisia, US; closed 2001

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

established - 17 February 1863 aim - to provide humanitarian aid in wartime members - (15-25 individuals) all Swiss nationals

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

note - also known as the World Court; primary judicial organ of the UN established - 3 February 1946; superseded Permanent Court of International Justice (the international court attached to the League of Nations) aim - to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized UN organs and specialized agencies members - (15 judges) elected by the UN General Assembly and Security Council to represent all principal legal systems adherents (with reservations) - (55) Australia, Barbados, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, The Gambia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Honduras, Hungary, India, Japan, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Senegal, Slovakia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Togo, Uganda, United Kingdom adherents (without reservations) - (11) Austria, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Luxembourg, Paraguay, Uruguay

International Criminal Court (ICCt)

established - 11 April 2002 aim - to hold all individuals and

countries accountable to international laws of conduct; to specify

international standards of conduct; to provide an important mechanism

for implementing these standards; to ensure that perpetrators are

brought to justice members (countries that have ratified the treaty) -

(114) Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina,

Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin,

Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina

Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,

Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Democratic Republic of the Congo,

Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia,

Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana,

Greece, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Japan, Jordan, Kenya, South Korea, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi,

Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,

Montenegro, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, NZ, Niger, Nigeria, Norway,

Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saint Kitts and

Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San

Marino, Senegal, Seychelles, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia,

South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan,

Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, UK, Uruguay,

Venezuela, Zambia

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)

established - September 1923 set up as the International Criminal

Police Commission; 13 June 1956 constitution modified and present name

adopted aim - to promote international cooperation among police

authorities in fighting crime members - (188) Afghanistan, Albania,

Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia,

Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain,

Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia,

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina

Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central

African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic

Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Cote

d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti,

Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial

Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The

Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,

Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland,

India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,

Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,

Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali,

Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova,

Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru,

Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman,

Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,

Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and

Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San

Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia,

Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South

Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,

Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo,

Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda,

Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen,

Zambia, Zimbabwe subbureaus - (11) American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda,

British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Macau,

Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands

International Development Association (IDA)

established - 26 January 1960; effective - 24 September 1960 aim - to

provide economic loans for low-income countries; UN specialized agency

and IBRD affiliate members - (171) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria,

Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The

Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia,

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi,

Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad,

Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo,

Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic,

Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia,

Ethiopia, EU, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia,

Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau,

Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,

Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,

Kiribati, South Korea, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia,

Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar,

Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania,

Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia,

Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua,

Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New

Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Rwanda,

Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,

Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra

Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South

Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria,

Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and

Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US,

Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Energy Agency (IEA)

established - 15 November 1974 aim - to promote cooperation on energy matters, especially emergency oil sharing and relations between oil consumers and oil producers; established by the OECD members - (29) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, EC, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

(IFRCS)

note - formerly known as League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

(LORCS) established - 5 May 1919 aim - to organize, coordinate, and

direct international relief actions; to promote humanitarian

activities; to represent and encourage the development of National

Societies; to bring help to victims of armed conflicts, refugees, and

displaced people; to reduce the vulnerability of people through

development programs members - (185 plus the Palestine Liberation

Organization) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua

and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The

Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,

Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei,

Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada,

Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia,

Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook

Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El

Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France,

Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala,

Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland,

India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,

Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait,

Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi,

Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States

of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco,

Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria,

Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru,

Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint

Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa,

San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia,

Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon

Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,

Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand,

Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,

Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan,

Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine

Liberation Organization observers - (3) Eritrea, Maldives, and Tuvalu

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

established - 25 May 1955; effective - 24 July 1956 aim - to support private enterprise in international economic development; a UN specialized agency and IBRD affiliate members - (182) includes all UN member countries except Andorra, Brunei, Cuba, North Korea, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Nauru, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Suriname, Tuvalu; plus Kosovo

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

established - November 1974 aim - to promote agricultural development;

a UN specialized agency members - (165) List A - (23 industrialized

aid contributors) Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg,

Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US

List B - (12 petroleum-exporting ai

d contributors) Algeria, Gabon,

Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,

UAE, Venezuela List C - (130 aid recipients) Afghanistan, Albania,

Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, The

Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia

and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi,

Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,

China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of

the Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba,

Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El

Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, The Gambia,

Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana,

Haiti, Honduras, India, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,

Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho,

Liberia, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali,

Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova,

Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Niue,

Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,

Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and

the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles,

Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan,

Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-

Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,

Uruguay, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)

note - name changed from International Hydrographic Bureau on 22 September 1970 established - June 1919; effective - June 1921 aim - to train hydrographic surveyors and nautical cartographers to achieve standardization in nautical charts and electronic chart displays; to provide advice on nautical cartography and hydrography; to develop the sciences in the field of hydrography and techniques used for descriptive oceanography members - (80) Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Chile, China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela

International Labor Organization (ILO)

established - 28 June 1919 set up as part of Treaty of Versailles; 11 April 1919 became operative; 14 December 1946 affiliated with the UN aim - to deal with world labor issues; a UN specialized agency members - (183) includes all UN member countries except Andorra, Bhutan, North Korea, Liechtenstein, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Nauru, Palau, Tonga; note - includes the following dependencies: Netherlands (Aruba)

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

note - name changed from Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) on 22 May 1982 established - 6 March 1948 set up as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization; effective - 17 March 1958 aim - to deal with international maritime affairs; a UN specialized agency members - (168) includes all UN member countries except Afghanistan, Andorra, Armenia, Belarus, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Mali, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Niger, Palau, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Zambia; and Cook Islands associate members - (3) Faroe Islands, Hong Kong, Macau

International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO)

established - 15 April 1999 aim - acts as watchdog over Inmarsat (International Maritime Satellite Organization), a private company, to make sure it follows ICAO standards and recommended practices; plays an active role in the development of international telecommunications policies members - (94) Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

established - 22 July 1944; effective - 27 December 1945 aim - to promote world monetary stability and economic development; a UN specialized agency members - (187) includes all UN member countries except Andorra, Cuba, North Korea, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Nauru; plus Kosovo; note - includes the following dependencies or areas of special interest: China (Hong Kong and Macau), Netherlands (Aruba)

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

established - 23 June 1894 aim - to promote the Olympic ideals and

administer the Olympic games: 2012 Summer Olympics in London, UK; 2014

Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia National Olympic Committees - (204

and the Palestine Liberation Organization) Afghanistan, Albania,

Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda,

Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas,

Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin,

Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil,

British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi,

Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African

Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of

the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote

d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti,

Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial

Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The

Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guam, Guatemala,

Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary,

Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica,

Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea,

Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi,

Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania,

Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco,

Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal,

Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan,

Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,

Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and

Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San

Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia,

Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon

Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,

Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania,

Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,

Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay,

Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Yemen, Zambia,

Zimbabwe, Palestine Liberation Organization

International Organization for Migration (IOM)

note - established as Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the

Movement of Migrants from Europe; renamed Intergovernmental Committee

for European Migration (ICEM) on 15 November 1952; renamed

Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (ICM) in November 1980;

current name adopted 14 November 1989 established - 5 December 1951

aim - to facilitate orderly international emigration and immigration

members - (132) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina,

Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bangladesh,

Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon,

Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia,

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica,

Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican

Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon,

The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-

Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy,

Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan,

Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar,

Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,

Montenegro, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,

Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland,

Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo,

Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UK, US, Uruguay,

Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe observers - (17) Bahrain,

Bhutan, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, Guyana, Holy See, Indonesia, Macedonia,

Mozambique, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Russia, San Marino, Sao Tome and

Principe, Saudi Arabia, Turkmenistan

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

established - February 1947 aim - to promote the development of

international standards with a view to facilitating international

exchange of goods and services and to developing cooperation in the

sphere of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity

members - (109 national standards organizations) Algeria, Argentina,

Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados,

Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria,

Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the

Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland,

France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia,

Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan,

Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico,

Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Oman,

Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,

Russia, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore,

Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden,

Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,

Turkey, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen

correspondent members - (43 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)

Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brunei, Burkina

Faso, Burma, Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador,

Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Guatemala, Guinea, Hong Kong, Kyrgyzstan,

Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania,

Moldova, Montenegro, Mozambique, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay,

Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan,

Togo, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine Liberation

Organization subscriber members - (10) Antigua and Barbuda, Burundi,

Cambodia, Central African Republic, Dominica, Eritrea, Guyana,

Honduras, Laos, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

International Organization of the French-speaking World (OIF)

note - name changed from Agency of Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT) in 1997; also known as Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie established - 20 March 1970 aim - founded around a common language to promote and spread the cultures of its members and to reinforce cultural and technical cooperation between them members - (53) Albania, Andorra, Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Canada - New Brunswick, Canada - Quebec, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, France, French Community of Belgium, Gabon, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Laos, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco, Morocco, Niger, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, Vanuatu, Vietnam associates - (3) Armenia, Cyprus, Ghana observers - (14) Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Mozambique, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Thailand, Ukraine

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM)

established - 1928 aim - to promote worldwide humanitarian aid through

the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in wartime, and

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

(IFRCS; formerly League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies or

LORCS) in peacetime National Societies - (185 countries and the

Palestine Liberation Organization); note - same as membership for

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

(IFRCS)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

established - 17 May 1865 set up as the International Telegraph Union; 9 December 1932 adopted present name; effective - 1 January 1934; affiliated with the UN - 15 November 1947 aim - to deal with world telecommunications issues; a UN specialized agency members - (192) includes all UN member countries except Palau (191 total); plus Holy See

International Telecommunications Satellites Organization (ITSO)

established - August 1964 aim - to act as a watchdog over Intelsat,

Ltd., a private company, to make sure it provides on a global and non-

discriminatory basis public telecommunication services members - (150)

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria,

Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Benin,

Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei,

Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African

Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of

the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia,

Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,

Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji,

Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,

Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary,

Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica,

Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait,

Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar,

Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, the

Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco,

Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria,

Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru,

Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi

Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri

Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan,

Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,

UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia,

Zimbabwe

International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

note - its predecessors were the International Confederation of Free

Trade Unions (ICFTU) and the World Confederation of Labor (WCL)

established - 3 November 2006 aim - to promote the trade union

movement members - (312 affiliated organizations in the following 156

countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization as of December

2007) Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Argentina,

Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus,

Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bonaire, Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada,

Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Chad, Chile, Colombia,

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands,

Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Curacao, Cyprus, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,

Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, French Polynesia,

Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala,

Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong,

Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan,

Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kosovo, Kuwait, Latvia, Liberia,

Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi,

Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia,

Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New

Caledonia, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama,

Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania,

Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa,

San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra

Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname,

Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo,

Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UK, US,

Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and the Palestine

Liberation Organization

Islamic Development Bank (IDB)

established - 15 December 1973 by declaration of intent; effective - 12

August 1974 aim - to promote Islamic economic aid and social

development members - (56 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin,

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros,

Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-

Bissau, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan,

Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco,

Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,

Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan,

Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, UAE, Uzbekistan, Yemen,

Palestine Liberation Organization

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