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   Chapter 24 THE FIR-WOOD AGAIN.

David Elginbrod By George MacDonald Characters: 37394

Updated: 2017-11-28 00:07


Er stand vor der himmlischen Jungfrau. Da hob er den leichten, gl?nzenden Schleir, und-Rosenblüthchen sank in seine Arme.-Novalis.-Die Lehrlinge zu Sais.

He stood before the heavenly Virgin (Isis, the Goddess of Nature). Then lifted he the light, shining veil, and-Rosebud (his old love) sank into his arms.

So womanly, so benigne, and so meek.

CHAUCER.-Prol. to Leg. of Good Women.

It was with a mingling of strange emotions, that Hugh approached the scene of those not very old, and yet, to his feeling, quite early memories. The dusk was beginning to gather. The hoar-frost lay thick on the ground. The pine-trees stood up in the cold, looking, in their garment of spikes, as if the frost had made them. The rime on the gate was unfriendly, and chilled his hand. He turned into the footpath. He say the room David had built for him. Its thatch was one mass of mosses, whose colours were hidden now in the cuckoo-fruit of the frost. Alas! how Death had cast his deeper frost over all; for the man was gone from the hearth! But neither old Winter nor skeleton Death can withhold the feet of the little child Spring. She is stronger than both. Love shall conquer hate; and God will overcome sin.

He drew night to the door, trembling. It seemed strange to him that his nerves only, and not his mind, should feel.-In moments of unusual excitement, it sometimes happens that the only consciousness a strong man has of emotion, lies in an unwonted physical vibration, the mind itself refusing to be disturbed. It is, however, but a seeming: the emotion is so deep, that consciousness can lay hold of its physical result only.-The cottage looked the same as ever, only the peat-stack outside was smaller. In the shadowiness of the firs, the glimmer of a fire was just discernible on the kitchen window. He trembled so much that he could not enter. He would go into the fir-wood first, and see Margaret's tree, as he always called it in his thoughts and dreams.

Very poor and stunted and meagre looked the fir-trees of Turriepuffit, after the beeches and elms of Arnstead. The evening wind whistled keen and cold through their dry needles, and made them moan, as if because they were fettered, and must endure the winter in helpless patience. Here and there amongst them, rose the Titans of the little forest-the huge, old, contorted, wizard-like, yet benevolent beings-the Scotch firs. Towards one of these he bent his way. It was the one under which he had seen Margaret, when he met her first in the wood, with her whole soul lost in the waving of its wind-swung, sun-lighted top, floating about in the sea of air like a golden nest for some silvery bird of heaven. To think that the young girl to whom he had given the primrose he had just found, the then first-born of the Spring, should now be the queen of his heart! Her childish dream of the angel haunting the wood had been true, only she was the angel herself. He drew near the place. How well he knew it! He seated himself, cold as it was in the February of Scotland, at the foot of the blessed tree. He did not know that it was cold.

While he sat with his eyes fixed on the ground, a light rustle in the fallen leaves made him raise them suddenly. It was all winter and fallen leaves about him; but he lifted his eyes, and in his soul it was summer: Margaret stood before him. He was not in the least surprised. For how can one wonder to see before his eyes, the form of which his soul is full?-there is no shock. She stood a little way off, looking-as if she wanted to be sure before she moved a step. She was dressed in a grey winsey gown, close to her throat and wrists. She had neither shawl nor bonnet. Her fine health kept her warm, even in a winter wood at sun-down. She looked just the same;-at home everywhere; most at home in Nature's secret chamber. Like the genius of the place, she made the winter-wood look homely. What were the oaks and beeches of Arnstead now? Homeliness and glory are Heaven.

She came nearer.

"Margaret!" he murmured, and would have risen.

"No, no; sit still," she rejoined, in a pleading tone. "I thought it was the angel in the picture. Now I know it. Sit still, dear Mr. Sutherland, one moment more."

Humbled by his sense of unworthiness, and a little distressed that she could so quietly reveal the depth of her feeling towards him, he said:

"Ah, Margaret! I wish you would not praise one so little deserving it."

"Praise?" she repeated, with an accent of wonder. "I praise you! No, Mr. Sutherland; that I am not guilty of. Next to my father, you made me know and feel. And as I walked here, I was thinking of the old times, and older times still; and all at once I saw the very picture out of the old Bible."

She came close to him now. He rose, trembling, but held out no hand, uttered no greeting.

"Margaret, dare I love you?" he faltered.

She looked at him with wide-open eyes.

"Me?" she said; and her eyes did not move from his. A slight rose-flush bloomed out on her motionless face.

"Will you be my wife?" he said, trembling yet more.

She made no answer, but looked at him still, with parted lips, motionless.

"I am very poor, Margaret. I could not marry now."

It was a stupid speech, but he made it.

"I don't care," she answered, with a voice like thinking, "if you never marry me."

He misunderstood her, and turned cold to the very heart. He misunderstood her stillness. Her heart lay so deep, that it took a long time for its feelings to reach and agitate the surface. He said no more, but turned away with a sigh.

"Come home to my mother," she said.

He obeyed mechanically, and walked in silence by her side. They reached the cottage and entered. Margaret said: "Here he is, mother;" and disappeared.

Janet was seated-in her widow's mutch, with the plain black ribbon down both sides, and round the back-in the arm-chair by the fire, pondering on the past, or gently dreaming of him that was gone. She turned her head. Sorrow had baptized her face with a new gentleness. The tender expression which had been but occasional while her husband lived, was almost constant now. She did not recognize Hugh. He saw it, and it added weight to his despair. He was left outside.

"Mother!" he said, involuntarily.

She started to her feet, cried: "My bairn! my bairn!" threw her arms around him, and laid her head on his bosom. Hugh sobbed as if his heart would break. Janet wept, but her weeping was quiet as a summer rain. He led her to her chair, knelt by her side, and hiding his face in her lap like a child, faltered out, interrupted by convulsive sobs:

"Forgive me; forgive me. I don't deserve it, but forgive me."

"Hoot awa! my bairn! my bonny man! Dinna greet that gait. The Lord preserve's! what are ye greetin' for? Are na ye come hame to yer ain? Didna Dawvid aye say-'Gie the lad time, woman. It's unco chaip, for the Lord's aye makin't. The best things is aye the maist plentifu'. Gie the lad time, my bonny woman!'-didna he say that? Ay, he ca'd me his bonny woman, ill as I deserved it at his han'. An' it's no for me to say ae word agen you, Maister Sutherlan', gin ye had been a hantle waur nor a young thochtless lad cudna weel help bein'. An' noo ye're come hame, an' nothing cud glaidden my heart mair, 'cep', maybe, the Maister himsel' was to say to my man: 'Dawvid! come furth.'"

Hugh could make no reply. He got hold of Margaret's creepie, which stood in its usual place, and sat down upon it, at the old woman's feet. She gazed in his face for a while, and then, putting her arm round his neck, drew his head to her bosom, and fondled him as if he had been her own first-born.

"But eh! yer bonnie face is sharp an' sma' to what it used to be, Maister Sutherlan'. I doot ye hae come through a heap o' trouble."

"I'll tell you all about it," said Hugh.

"Na, na; bide still a wee. I ken a' aboot it frae Maggy. An' guid preserve's! ye're clean perished wi' cauld. Lat me up, my bairn."

Janet rose, and made up the fire, which soon cast a joyful glow throughout the room. The peat-fire in the little cottage was a good symbol of the heart of its mistress: it gave far more heat than light. And for my part, dear as light is, I like heat better. She then put on the kettle,-or the boiler I think she called it-saying:

"I'm jist gaein' to mak' ye a cup o' tay, Mr. Sutherlan'. It's the handiest thing, ye ken. An' I doot ye're muckle in want o' something. Wad ye no tak' a drappy oot o' the bottle, i' the mane time?"

"No, thank you," said Hugh, who longed to be alone, for his heart was cold as ice; "I would rather wait for the tea; but I should be glad to have a good wash, after my journey."

"Come yer wa's, than, ben the hoose. I'll jist gang an' get a drappy o' het water in a decanter. Bide ye still by the fire."

Hugh stood, and gazed into the peat-fire. But he saw nothing in it. A light step passed him several times, but he did not heed it. The loveliest eyes looked earnestly towards him as they passed, but his were not lifted to meet their gaze.

"Noo, Maister Sutherlan', come this way."

Hugh was left alone at length, in the room where David had slept, where David had used to pray. He fell on his knees, and rose comforted by the will of God. A few things of Margaret's were about the room. The dress he had seen her in at Mrs. Elton's, was hanging by the bed. He kissed the folds of the garment, and said: "God's will be done." He had just finished a hasty ablution when Janet called him.

"Come awa', Maister Sutherlan'; come ben to yer ain chaumer," said she, leading the way to the room she still called the study. Margaret was there. The room was just as he had left it. A bright fire was on the hearth. Tea was on the table, with eggs, and oatcakes, and flour-scons in abundance; for Janet had the best she could get for Margaret, who was only her guest for a little while. But Hugh could not eat. Janet looked distressed, and Margaret glanced at him uneasily.

"Do eat something, Mr. Sutherland," said Margaret.

Hugh looked at her involuntarily. She did not understand his look, and it alarmed her. His countenance was changed.

"What is the matter, dear-Hugh?" she said, rising, and laying her hand on his shoulder.

"Hoots! lassie," broke in her mother; "are ye makin' love till a man, a gentleman, afore my verra een?"

"He did it first, mother," answered Margaret, with a smile.

A pang of hope shot through Hugh's heart.

"Ow! that's the gait o't, is't? The bairn's gane dementit! Ye're no efter merryin' a gentleman, Maggy? Na, na, lass!"

So saying, the old lady, rather crossly, and very imprudently, left the room to fill the teapot in the kitchen.

"Do you remember this?" said Margaret,-who felt that Hugh must have misunderstood something or other,-taking from her pocket a little book, and from the book a withered flower.

Hugh saw that it was like a primrose, and hoped against hope that it was the one which he had given to her, on the spring morning in the fir-wood. Still, a feeling very different from his might have made her preserve it. He must know all about it.

"Why did you keep that?" he said.

"Because I loved you."

"Loved me?"

"Yes. Didn't you know?"

"Why did you say, then, that you didn't care if-if-?"

"Because love is enough, Hugh.-That was why."

THE END.

FOOTNOTES:

1 ch guttural. The land-rail is a corn-scraich.

2 Goldsmith; twice, in the Citizen of the World.

SCOTTISH WORDS

Note from John Bechard, creator of this Electronic text.

The following is a list of Scottish words which are found in George MacDonald's "David Elginbrod". I have compiled this list myself and worked out the definitions from context with the help of Margaret West, from Leven in Fife, Scotland, and also by referring to a word list found in a collection of poems by Robert Burns. There are about 6 words which we could not work out definitions for and would welcome any feedback on those words or any others in the list which may be wrong (my e-mail address is JaBBechard@aol.com). This was never meant to be a comprehensive list of the National Scottish Language, but rather an aid to understanding some of Mr MacDonald's conversations which are carried out in the Broad Scots. I do apologise for any mistakes or omissions. I aimed for my list to be very comprehensive, and it often repeats the same word in a plural or diminutive form. As well, it includes words that are quite obvious to native English speakers.

There is a web site under construction which will feature the Scottish language; and the National Scottish Dictionary can be consulted if you have access to one.

This list is a compressed form that consists of three columns for 'word', 'definition', and 'additional notes'. It is set up with a comma between each item and a hard return at the end of each definition. This means that this section could easily be cut and pasted into its own text file and imported into a database or spreadsheet as a comma separated variable file (.csv file). Failing that, you could do a search and replace for commas in this section (I have not used any commas in my words, definitions or notes) and replace the commas with spaces or tabs.

WORD,DEFINITION,NOTES

a',all,also have

a' thing,everything; anything,

aboon,above; up; over,

aboot,about,

aboot and aboot,all about,

abune,above; up,

abusin',abusing,

accordin',according,

actin',acting,

admirin',admiring,

ae,one,

aff,off; away,

afore,before; in front of,

agen,against,

ahin',behind,

ahint,behind,

Ahmen,Amen,

Ahva!,At all!,exclamation

aiblins,perhaps,

ailin',ailing; sick,

ain,own; one,

airgument,argument,

airguments,arguments,

airm,arm,

airms,arms,

aither,either,

alane,alone,

alang,along,

alicht,alight,

Almichty,Almighty; God,

a'maist,almost,

amang,among,

amo',among,

amo't,among it,

an',and,

an aucht days,?,possibly an old reference to a week?

ance,once,

ane,one,

aneath,beneath,

aneath't,beneath it,

aneth,beneath,

aneuch,enough,

anither,another,

appintment,appointment,

appintments,appointments,

appruved,approved,

aske,asp,

as'll,as will,

'at,that,

at ane mair,all agog,

a'thegither,all together,

a'thing,everything; anything,

atween,between,

aucht,eight,

auld,old,

auld-fashioned,old-fashioned,

ava,at all; of all,

awa',away,

awfu',awful,

awthegither,all together,

aye,yes; indeed,

baain',baaing,

backbane,backbone,

bairn,child,

bairnie,child,diminutive

bairnies,children,diminutive

bairns,children,

baith,both,

ballant,ballad,

ballants,ballads,

banes,bones,

bauchles,old pair of Sunday shoes,

bauks,supporting timbers; bulk heads,as in ship building

bawbees,half pennies,

beastie,beast; animal,diminutive

beginnin',beginning,

begude,began,

bein',being,

ben,room; indoors; into; within; inwards,

ben the hoose,inside; to the back of the house,

beowty,beauty,

beuk,book,also the Bible

beukie,little book,diminutive

beuks,books,

beuky,little book,diminutive

beurds,boards,

biddin',bidding,

bide,endure; bear; remain; live,also stay for;

bield,protection; shelter; cover,

bien,cosy; comfortable; well-stocked,

big,build,

bin',bind,

bin'in',binding,

binna,be not,

birdie,little bird,diminutive

birdies,little birds,diminutive

bit,but; bit,also little-diminutive

bitties,little bits,diminutive

blastit,blasted,

bleck,black,also nonplus; perplex

bluid,blood,

boddom,bottom,

body,person; fellow,

boiler,kettle,

bonnie,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome,

bonny,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome,

boo,bow,

bossie,large wooden bowl,serving bowl

boun',bound,

bout,swath,

bouts,swaths,

brakfast,breakfast,

braw,beautiful; good; fine,also-lovely (girl); handsome (boy)

brawly,admirably; very; very much; well,

bringin',bringing,

brither-men,fellowmen; brethren,

brocht,brought,

brods,boards; (book covers),

broos,eyebrows,

bud,intended; meant to,

bude,would prefer to,

buik,book,

buiks,books,

burdie,little bird,diminutive

burnin',burning,

burnside,along the side of a stream,

butt,main room in a croft; front room,includes kitchen and storage

butt the hoose,into the house; into the front room,

by ordinar',out of the ordinary; supernatural,

byke,hive; swarm; crowd,

ca',call; name,

ca'd,called,

calf-country,country or place where one grew up,

caller,fresh; refreshing; cool,

cam,came,

cam',came,

canna,cannot,

carefu',careful,

cart-fu's,cartloads,

ca's,calls,

ca't,call it,

cauld,cold,

caup,small wooden bowl,

'cause,because,

causin',causing,

'cep',except,

chaip,blow; stroke,also fellow; chap

chaumer,chamber; room,

chield,child; young person; lad,used when expressing sympathy

chields,children; lads; young people,used when expressing sympathy

chimla,fireside; hearth,

chimla-lug,side wall of chimney recess,also chimney corner

chow,chew,

clam,climbed,

clappit,clapped (on the shoulder); praised,

clavers,idle talk; chatter,smarmy compliments; buttering up

clean,quite; utterly,also comely; shapely; empty

cleed,clothe,

clippin',clipping; shearing,

clyack,harvest,

colliginer,college boy,

Come butt the hoose., 'Come on in!',colloquial and familiar

Come yer wa's butt., 'Come on in!',colloquial and familiar

Come yer wa's., 'Come on in!',colloquial and familiar

comin',coming,

comparateevely,comparatively,

consistin',consisting,

contradickin',contradicting,

coorse,coarse,also course

corn-scraich,land-rail,type of bird

corp,corpse,

corps,bodies; corpses,

cot,cottage,

couples,joining pieces; cross beams,

couthy,loving; kind; buddy-buddy,

coverin',covering,

craig,throat; neck; gullet,

crater,creature,

craytur,creature,

crayturs,creatures,

creater,creature,

creaters,creatures,

creatur',creature,

creepie,three legged stool,

creepin',creeping,

crookit,crooked,

croonin',crooning; moaning; whining,

cud,could,

cudna,could not,

cuiticans,leather gaiters,

cuttin',cutting,

dacent,decent,

daffin',dallying; fooling; frolic; flirtation,

darin',daring,

daunder,casual stroll,

daured,dared,

daursay,dare say,

dawtie,darling; pet,term of endearment

Dawvid,David,

daylicht,daylight,

deed,died,also deed; indeed

deeth,death,

deevilich,devilish,

deid,dead,

deid-stane,gravestone; tombstone,

deil,devil,

Deil a bit!,Not at all! Not a bit!,

deit,died,

deith,death,

dementit,demented; mad,

denner-time,dinner time,

depen',depend,

detaictives,detectives,

devallt,intermission; a break,

didna,did not,

dinna,do not,

direckly,directly; immediately,

dischairgin',discharging,

disjaskit,worn out; fatigued,

disturbin',disturbing,

dochter,daughter,

doin',doing,

doitit,out of the mind; muddled,also in a whirl with worry

doo,dove,term of endearment

doon,down,

doonsettin',setting down,

doonsittin',place to sit down or rest,

door-cheek,door jamb,

doot,doubt,also know

dootless,doubtless,

do't,do it,

douce,sensible; sober; prudent,

doun,down,

dout,doubt,also know

dowie,sad; lonely; depressing; dismal,

downa,dare not; can not,

drappy,drop; a little (liquor),diminutive

dreed,dread; fear,

dreid,dread,

driftin',drifting,snow driven by the wind

drinkin',drinking,

driv't,drive it,

duin',doing,

dune,done,

dune't,done it,

dung,beaten; overcome; worn out,

ear',early,

'ee,eye,

een,eyes,

e'en,even; just; simply,also eyes

eesicht,eye sight; by all appearances,

efter,after; afterwards,

eident,evident,

ellwan',ell-wand; ruler; yardstick,1 ell = 37 inches or 94 cm

'en,end,

en',end,

ends-errand,went on purpose; specifically to,

eneuch,enough,

enlichtened,enlightened,

enteresstit,interested,

ettle,reach; try to climb; purpose; aim,

ettlin',seeking (to understand); aiming,

evenin',putting on the same level; comparing,

exackly,exactly,

excep,except,

exerceese,exercise,

expec,expect,

expeck,expect,

expeckin',expecting,

eynds,ends,

eyther,either,

fa',fall; befall,

fac,fact,

fair-oot,far out,

fand,found,

fardins,farthings,

fegs,golly,exclamation

fell,very; potent; keen; harsh,more emphasis

feow,few,

fillin',filling,

fin',find,

firin',firing; heating,

fir-taps,tops of the fir trees,

fit,foot; base,also fit

flatterin',flattering,

flauchterin',fluttering,

fleein',flying,

flutterin',fluttering,

flytin',telling off; scolding,flaying with the tongue

followin',following,

forbear,ancestor,

forbears,ancestors,

forby,as well; as well as; besides,

forbye,as well; as well as; besides,

forenichts,fore-nights; early evenings,

forfochten,overcome; done for,

forgetfu'ness,forgetfulness,

forgie,forgive,

for's,for his,

for't,for it,

fortnicht,fortnight; two weeks,

fower,four,

fowk,folk,

fowth,plenty; abundance; full measure,

frae,from,

frae the tae side to the tither,from one side to the other,

freen,friend,

frien',friend,

friens,friends,

frien's,friends,

fu',full; very; quite,

fule,fool,

furth,forth,

gae,gave,

gaed,went,

gaein,going,

gaein',going,

gaeing,going,

gaen,going,

gait,way,

gane,gone,

gane up the stairs,gone to heaven,

gane wull,lost its way,

gang,go; goes; depart; walk,

gangs,goes,

gar,cause; make; compel,

garrin',making; causing; compelling,

gars,causes; makes,

gart,caused; made; compelled,

gat,got,

get,way,also get

gettin',getting,

gey,very,

gie,give,

gie a lift,give a helping hand,

giein',giving,

gie's,gives,

gin,if; as if; then; whether,

gin',if; as if; then; whether,

gin't,if it,

glaid,glad,

glaidden,gladden,

glamour,spell; charm; enchantment,

glass,magnifying glass,

gleed,?,

gleg,quick; lively; smart; quick-witted,

gleg 'ee,quick or sharp eye to notice things,

gloamin',twilight; dusk,

God-fearin',God-fearing,

got grips,got a hold of; grasped; understood,

gowd,gold,

gowpenfu's,enough,enough (to cause one to stare)

gran',grand,

gran'father,grandfather,

grat,cried; wept,

gravestane,gravestone; tombstone; headstone,

greet,cry; weep,

greetin',crying; weeping,

grip,grasp; understand,

grips,grasp; understanding,

growin',growing,

grup,grip; grab,

gude,good; God,

guid,good; God,

guidit,guided; managed,

ha',have,also hall

hadna,had not,

hae,have,

ha'e,have,

haein',having,

haena,have not,

hae't,have it,

haill,whole,

hairst-rig,harvest crew,

halesome,wholesome; pure,

hame,home,

hamely,homely; familiar; friendly; common,

hame-ower,homely; simple and straightforward,

han',hand,

han'fu',handful,

han's,hands,

hantle,much; far,

hap,cover; wrap; shield,

happin,covering; wrapping,

hasna',has not; hasn't,

haud,hold; keep,

haud the hert in her,hold the heart in her,also keep her spirits up

haudin',holding; keeping,

hauds,holds; keeps,

haven,heaven,

haverin',blethering; talking rubbish,

havers,blether; (verbal) rubbish,

heap,lot; heap,

hearin',hearing,

hearken,hear; have a listen,

hech!,Oh! strange!,a sighing exclamation

heeds,heads,

heid,head; heading,

herdin',herding; shepherding,

hert,heart,

hertily,heartily,

herts,hearts,

het,hot; burning,

hev',have,

hicht,height,

hidin',hiding,

hill-moss,mountain-moor, 'moss' is a swamp or peat bog

himsel,himself,

himsel',himself,

hindmost,last; final,

hingin',hanging,

hit,it, 'h' gives emphasis

hither-come,ancestry; past history,

hizzie,hussy; silly girl,

hizzy,hussy; silly girl,

hom',home,

hoo,how,

hoose,house,

hoosehold,household,

hoose-room,living space,

hoot,no meaning,exclamation

hootoot,see hootoots,

hootoots,-no meaning-,exclamation

hoots,no meaning,exclamation

hosen,stockings; socks,

hostin',coughing,

houp,hope,

houpit,hoped,

howkin',digging; delving,

hunner,hundred,

huz,us,

i',in; into,

I canna min',I can not think or remember,

I doot,I don't doubt it; I know,

I wat,I see; I declare; I know,

I wot,I see; I declare,

idlin',idling,

ilka,every; each,

ill,bad; evil,

'ill,will,

ill-faured,ill-favoured,

ill-min'ins,ill meanings; ill intent,

'im,him,

imaigins,imagines,

immedantly,immediately,

impairts,imparts,

imputit,imputed,

in sma',in short,

ingle-neuk,chimney corner or recess,

in's,in his,

instruck,instruct,

in't,in it,

intellec,intellect,

interferin',interfering,

intill,into,

intill't,into it,

I'se,I shall,

is't,is it,

ither,other; another; further,

itherwise,otherwise,

itsel,itself,

itsel',itself,

itsel's,itself is,

jeedgement,judgement,

jeedgment,judgement,

jist,just,

judgin',judging,

justifeed,justified,

keepit,kept,

keepit his thoom...ellwan,to short change someone,a short measure

ken,know; be aware of,

kenna,do not know,

kenned,known; knew,

kens,knows,

kent,known; knew,

kep,keep; catch,

killin',killing,

kin',kind; agreeable,

kin'ness,kindness,

kintra-side,countryside,

kirk,church,

kirkyard,churchyard,

kirn,churn,

knittin',knitting,

kye,cattle; cows,

lad,boy,

laddies,boys,diminutive

lads,boys,

laird,landed proprietor; squire,

lammie,little lamb,diminutive; term of endearment

lan',land; country,

lane,lone; alone,

lanes,lone; alone,

lang,long,

langer,longer,

lass,girl,

lass-bairn,girl child,

lassie,girl,diminutive

lat,let,

lats,lets,

lat's,lets,

lattin,letting,

lauch,laugh,

lave,rest; leave; remainder,

laverocks,larks (type of bird),

layin',laying,

lea',leave,

learnin',learning; teaching,

learnt,learned; taught,

leein',lying,

lees,lies,

leevin',living,

leisur',leisure,

len',lend; give; grant,

lenth,length,

letten,let; allowed,

leuk,look; watch; appearance,

leukin',looking; watching,

leukit,looked; watched,

licht,light,

lichtlyin',belittling; making light of,

lichts,lights,

lifelang,lifelong,

lift,load; boost; helping hand,also sky; heavens

likit,liked,

lik'ly,likely,

lippen,trust; depend on,

'll,will,

loe,love,

lo'e,love,

lo'ed,loved,

Lonnon,London,

loot,let; allowed,

lovin'kindness,lovingkindness,

luckie-daddy,fondly regarded forefather,also a revered forefather

lug,ear,also shallow wooden dish

luik,look,

luikin',looking,

luikit,looked,

lum,chimney,

lyin',lying,

maijesty,majesty,

maik,?,mate?

mair,more; greater,

maist,most; almost,

maister,master; mister,

maistly,mostly,

maitter,matter,

mak,make; do,

mak',make; do,

mak' shifts,making do with false things,

mak' ups,covering up (of truth),

makin',making,

makin't,making it; doing it,

maks,makes; does,

mane,mean,

maukin,hare,reference to a poem by Burns

maun,must; have to,

maunna,must not; may not,

meanin',meaning,

measur',measure,

meesery,misery,

meetin',meeting,

mem,Mam; Miss; Madam,

mend,amend; cure; heal,as in 'mend your ways'

mengie,menagerie; lot; crowd,

merchan',merchant,

mercifu',merciful,

merryin',marrying,

micht,might,

michtna,might not,

michty,mighty; God,

mids,midst,

min',mind; recollection,also recollect; remember

minit,minute,

minny,mother; mommy,

mint,aimed; intended to,

min't,mind it; remember it,

misbelievin',not believing,

mischeef,mischief,

mista'en,mistaken,

misunderstandin',misunderstanding,

mither,mother,

mony,many,

mornin',morning,

mornin's,mornings,

mou's,mouths,

muckle,huge; enormous; big; great; much,

munsie,fool,

muntain-side,mountainside,

mutch,cap with protruding frill,worn under the bonnet

muved,moved; affected,

My certie!,?,My goodness!?

my lane,on my own,

mysel,myself,

mysel',myself,

na,not; by no means,

na',not; by no means,

nae,no,

naething,nothing,

naewise,nowise; in no way,

nain,own,

nane,none,

nater,nature,

nateral,natural,

natur',nature,

near-han',nearly; almost,

neebor,neighbour,

neebours,neighbours,

needna,do not need; need not,

neep,turnip,

neep-seed,turnip seed,

ne'er,never,

ne'er-do-well,never do well; troublemaker,

negleckin',neglecting,

neglecks,neglects,

neist,next,

neives,fists,

nicht,night,

nichtly,nightly; at night,

nigh,nearly,

nigher,nearer; closer,

no,not,

no that ill to win at,not that difficult to get at,

noo,now,

noo-a-days,nowadays,

nor,nor; than,

not,needed,also not

o',of; on,

obleeged,obliged,

ohn,without,Scottish uses past participle not present prog.

on's,on his,

ony,any,

onything,anything,

ook,week,

ooman,woman,

oor,our,

oors,ours,

oorsels,ourselves,

oot,out,

ootside,outside,

opingan,opinion,

opingans,opinions,

or,before; ere; by,also or

orderin',ordering,

ordinar',ordinary; natural,

o's,of us,

o't,of it,

oucht,ought; all,

our lanes,on our own,

oursel',ourselves,

oursel's,ourselves,

ower,over; too,

owse,ox,

pairt,part,

pairtrick,partridge,

pairts,parts,

parritch,porridge,

passin',passing,

pat,put; made,

peint,point,

perfeck,perfect,

persaudit,persuaded,

picter,picture,

pig,stone bottle,

pint,point,

pinted,pointed,

pit,put; make,

pitawta,potato,

pits,puts; makes,

pitten,put; made,

pittin',putting; making,

playin',playing,

pleesir,pleasure,

pleesur,pleasure,

plentifu',plentiful,

pleuch,?,stall?

ploo,plough,

poapies,poppies,

poopit,pulpit,

Popp,Pope,

praisin',praising,

preceesely,precisely,

preevilege,privilege,

prenciple,principle,

prentit,printed,

presence-chaumer,presence chamber of a king,

prood,proud,

prospeck,prospect,

puir,poor,

puirest,poorest,

quean,queen; young girl; hussy,

quo',swore; said,

raither,rather,

rax,overdo it; stretch,

readin',reading,

reasonin's,reasonings,

reestlin',rustling,

refeese,refuse,

reid-coatit,red-coated,

reid-heedit,red-headed,

remin'in',reminding,

repentit,repented,

reprocht,reproached,

respeck,respect; consider worthy,

respecks,respects; considers worthy,

richt,right; correct,

richteousness,righteousness,

richtly,rightly,

richts,rights,

rizzon,reason,

roomie,little room,diminutive

roose,rouse; stir up; agitate,

rouch,rough,

roun',around; round,

routin',lowing,

rue't,rue it; feel sorry for it,

rumgumption,common sense,

's,us; his; as; is,

sae,so,

sae's,so is,

saft,soft; silly,

sair,sore; sorely; sad; hard,also serve

sairpent,serpent,

saitisfeed,satisfied,

sall,shall,

sanctifee,sanctify,

sanctificaition,sanctification,

sang,song,

sangs,songs,

sanna,shall not,

Sant,saint,

saplin's,saplings,

sat,set,

sattle,settle,

sattles,settles,

sauld,sold,

sawin',sowing,

sayin',saying,

scabbit,scabby; scaly,

schraichin,screaming,

scomfisht,confiscated; destroyed,

Scotlan',Scotland,

scoug,stunted bush,

scunner,disgust; disgusting; revolting,

seein',seeing,

seemilies,similes,

see't,see it,

sel,self,

sel',self,

self-forgettin',self-forgetting,

sels,selves,

sempathy,sympathy,

semple,simple,

settisfaction,satisfaction,

settle,sofa,

shanna,shall not,

shavin',shaving; cutting,

shinin',shining,

shiverin',shivering,

shoon,shoes,

shouldna,should not,

sic,such,

sicht,sight,

sichts,sights,

siller,silver; money; wealth,

siller-bag,silver-bag; purse,

simmer,Summer,

sin',since,

sinfu',sinful,

singin',singing,

sinset,sunset,

sittin',sitting,

skelf,shelf,also splinter of wood

skelp-doup,lit. slap on the backside,derogatory term

sklet,(school) slate,also roofing slate

sma',small; little; slight; narrow,

sma'est,smallest; littlest; slightest; narrowest,

smoored,caught in; covered by; trapped in,also smothered

smorin',smothering; entrapping,

smut,dirt,

snaw,snow,

snaw-ba's,snowballs,

snaw-vraith,snow-wreath; snowdrift,

snaw-wreaths,snowdrifts,

somehoo,somehow,

soun',sound,

soundet,sounded,

souns,sounds,

soun's,sounds,

sowl,soul,

spak,spoke,

spak',spoke,

speakin',speaking,

speikin',speaking,

speyk,speak,

spier,ask; question; inquire,

spierin',asking; questioning; inquiring,

stamack,stomach,

stan',stand; stop,

stane,stone; measure of weight,1 stone = 14 pounds

stanes,stones,

stan'in',standing,

stappit,stopped; plugged,also stepped

starnies,little stars,diminutive

starns,stars,

steek,shut; close,also stitch (as in clothing)

steekit,shut; closed,

steekit neives,clenched fists,

stew,?,stew?

stour,dust,

strae,straw,

strang,strong; violent,

straucht,straighten,

straucht-foret,straightforward,

stravaguin',wandering; meandering,

streekit,stretched,

sud,should,

sune,soon; early,

suner,sooner,

supposin',supposing,

suspeecion,suspicion,

sut,?,suet?

syne,time; since; then,in (good) time

't,it,

tae,toe,also one

taen,taken; seized,

ta'en,taken; seized,

tak',take; seize,

tak' tent,look out; pay attention,

takin',taking,

taks,takes; seizes,

talans,talents,

tap,top,

tauld,told,

tay,tea,

te,to,

ted,fellow,

tee, 'to ye' i.e. to you; also too,also tea

tellin',telling; relating,

tellt,told; related,

tent,attention,

thae,those,

thankfu',thankful,

that'll,that will,

the day,today,

the morn,tomorrow,

the nicht,tonight,

the noo,right now,

thegither,together,

themsels,themselves,

themsels',themselves,

thenk,think,

theroot,outside; out there,

thinkin',thinking,

this day week,in a week's time; a week from now,

thocht,thought,

thochtless,thoughtless,

thochts,thoughts,

thoom,thumb,

thrang,full; well filled; busy; crowd,

through't,through it,

throw't,through it,

till,to; till; until; about; towards,

till's,to his; to us,

till't,to it,

timmer,timber; wood,

tither,other,

tocher,dowry,

toddlin',toddling; walking unsteadily,

toot-moot,loud mouthed bantering,

tow,rope; string,

troth,truth; indeed,also used as an exclamation

trowth,truth; indeed,

truff,wood; material,

tummelin',tumbling,

turnin',turning,

twa,two,

'twar,it were,

'twas,it was,

'twere,it were; it was,

twise,twice,

tyauve,strive; struggle,

t'ye,to you,

unco,odd; strange; very,

understan',understand,

unnerstan',understand,

uphaud,uphold; maintain,

uphaudin',upholding; maintaining,

upo',upon,

upo't,upon it,

upricht,upright,

uptak,uptake; understanding,

veesible,visible,

veesits,visits,

verra,very; true; real,

vratch,wretch,

vrite,write,

wad,would,

wadna,would not,

waggin',wagging; nodding,

waggin' his heid,nodding his head (while preaching),

waitin',waiting,

wan,reached; gained; got,

want,want; lack; without; be in want of,

war,were,

wark,work; labour,

wark-hours,working hours,

warl',world,

warld,world,

warldly,worldly,

warna,were not,

warran',warrant; guarantee,

warst,worst,

warstle,wrestle,

wa's,walls,

wasna,was not,

was't,was it,

wastry,waste; extravagance,

wat,wet,see also 'I wat.'

waur,worse,

waurd,word,

we maun bide a wee,we need to wait a bit,

wean,child; infant,

weans,children; infants,

wee,small; little; bit,

weel,well; fine,

weel-faured,well favoured,

weicht,weight,

well-ee,well; pit; deep shaft,

we'se,we shall,

weyds,weeds,

wha,who,

wha',who,

wham,whom,

whan,when,

wha's,who is,

Wha's that o't?,Who is that?,

whase,whose,

What for no?,Why not?,

What for?,Why?,

whaur,where,

wheen,baby; little (adj.),

wheyt,wheat,

whiles,sometimes; at times,

wi,with,

wi',with,

wilfu',wilful,

willin',willing,

win,reach; gain; get,

win',wind,

winlestrae,straw dried on its root,weak willed; easily lead astray

winna,will not,

winnock,window,

wintin',wanting; without,

wi'out,without,

wis',wish,

wi't,with it,

wonner,wonder; marvel,

wonnerfu',wonderful,

wonnerfully,wonderfully,

woo',wool,

woosh,washed,

wrang,wrong,

wrang-duins,wrongdoings; misdeeds,

wud,wood; forest,adj.-enraged; angry; also would

wull,will; desire; pleasure; Will(iam),also astray; stray; wild

wull hizzie,wild hussy,

wuman,woman,

wumman,woman,

ye,you,

ye'll,you will,

yer,your,

ye'r,you are,

ye're,you are,

yersel,yourself,

yersel',yourself,

ye'se,you shall,

yestreen,yesterday (evening),

ye've,you have,

yon's,yonder is; that (thing) there is,

yow-lammie,ewe lamb; runaway,diminutive

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